CKC Canadian Kennel Club
Breed Standard for the Pekingese

General Appearance
The Pekingese is a well-balanced, compact dog of Chinese origin with a
heavy front and lighter hindquarters. Its image is lion like, implying
courage, dignity, boldness and self-esteem rather than daintiness or

A combination of regal dignity, intelligence and self-importance make for
a good natured, opinionated and affectionate companion to those who
have earned its respect. Can be stubborn. Its temperament is one of
directness, independence and individuality.

Size, Proportion & Substance
The Pekingese, when lifted, has a centre of gravity towards its front end.
It is surprisingly heavy for its size. It has a stocky, muscular body. All
weights are correct within a limit of 14 lbs (6.3 kg). Overall balance is of
utmost importance. The head is large in proportion to the body. The
Pekingese is longer than tall when measured from the forechest to the
buttocks. The overall outline is an approximate ratio of 3 high to long.

Sleeve Pekingese
All aspects of the standard are the same for the sleeve with the exception
of weight, which must be 6 lbs (2.7 kg) or under.

Coat and Colour
It is a long, coarse-textured,straight, stand-off outer coat, with thick, soft
undercoat. The coat forms a noticeable mane on the neck and shoulder
area with the coat on the remainder of the body being somewhat shorter
in length. A long and profuse coat is desirable providing it does not obscure
the shape of the body. Long feathering is found on toes, backs of the thighs
and forelegs, with longer fringing on the ears and tail. Presentation should
accentuate the natural outline of the of the Pekingese. Any obvious
trimming or sculpting of the coat, detracting from its natural appearance,
should be severely penalized. Only trimming between the pads under the
feet, to prevent slipping, is permitted. removal of stray hairs poking the
eyeballs is allowed. All coat colours and markings are allowable and of
equal, fawn, black, black and tan, sable, brindle, white and
cream. The colouring of a particoloured dog must be broken on the body;
white should be shown on the saddle. No large portion of any colour
should exist.
A black mask or a self-coloured face is equally acceptable. regardless of
coat colour, the exposed skin of the muzzle, nose, lips and eye rims are
black. Spectacles around the eyes with lines running to the ears are

Face: The top skull is massive, broad and flat and, when combined with
wide set eyes, cheekbones and broad lower jaw, forms the correctly
shaped face. When viewed from the front, the skull is wider than deep,
which contributes to the desired rectangular, envelope-shaped
appearance of the head. In profile, the face is flat. When viewed fromthe
side, the chin, nose leather and brow all lie in one plane, which slants very
slightly backward from chin to forehead.

They are heart-shaped,set on the front corners of the top skull, and lie flat
 against the head. The leather does not extend below the jaw. Correctly
placed ears, with their heavy feathering and long fringing, frame the sides
of the face and add to the appearance of a wide rectangular head.

They are large, very dark, clear, round, lustrous and set wide apart.
They are placed frontally. The look is bold, not bulging or bolting. The
whites of the eyes should not show when the dog is looking straight ahead.

It is broad, short and black. Nostrils are wide and open, never pinched. A line
drawn horizontally over the top of the nose intersects slightly above the centre
of the eyes.

 It effectively separates the upper and lower areas of the face. It is a
hair-covered fold of skin extending from one cheek over the bridge of the
nose in a wide inverted V to the other cheek. It is never prominent or heavy as to crowd the facial features, obscure more than a small portion of the eyes, or fall forward over any portion of the nose leather.

Deep, it is obscured from view by the over-nose wrinkle.

 It is very flat, broad, and well filled-in below the eyes. Whiskers add to the
 desired expression and should never be removed (so as to protect the eyes).

 Level lips, not showing teeth or tongue; broad level under jaw. Tight flews.   Lippyness undesirable.

undershot. reverse scissors bite unacceptable.

It is very short and thick.

They are short, thick and heavy boned. The bones of the forelegs are
moderately bowed between the pastern and the elbow. The broad chest,
wide set forelegs and closer rear legs all contribute to the correct rolling
gait. The distance from the point of shoulder to the tip of the withers is
approximately equal to the distance from the point of the shoulder to the
elbow. Shoulders are well laid back and fit smoothly onto the body. The
elbows are always close to the body.

Front feet are turned out slightly when standing or moving. They are large
 and flat not round, well fringed, standing well up on feet not pasterns. The
pasterns slope gently. Dew claws may or may not be present.

It is pear-shaped, compact and low to the ground. It is heavy in front with
well-sprung ribs slung between the forelegs. The forechest is broad and
full without protruding breastbone. The underline rises from the deep
chest to the lighter loin, thus forming a narrow waist. The topline is
straight. The loin is short, with longer loin being acceptable in bitches.

They are lighter in bone than the forequarters. There is a moderate
angulation of stifle and hock. When viewed from behind, the rear legs
are reasonably close and parallel, never cow-hocked or bandy-legged or
straddled too far apart.

 The hind feet point straight ahead when standing or moving. They are
smaller than the front feet. Dew claws may or may not be present.

The high tail set is slightly arched and carried well over the back, free of
kinks or curls. Long, profuse, straight fringing may fall to either side.

Fore-action: slow, dignified, rolling gait caused by body being heavy in
front and lighter hind-quarters, with forelegs being bowed and
hindquarters being close and parallel. The typical rolling action is not to
be confused with a roll caused by slackness of shoulders that will not flow
freely. Hin -action: close, steady and free. Soundness essential. This
motion is smooth and effortless and is as free as possible from bouncing,
prancing or jarring. There is adequate reach and moderate drive.

• Dudley, liver or grey nose
• Pinched nostrils
• Protruding tongue or teeth
• Overshot, level, scissors bite or reverse scissors bite
• Wry mouth
• Narrow underjaw or weak chin
• Light brown, yellow, blue or badly blemished eyes
• Ears set much too high, low or far back
• roach or swayback
• Straight-boned forelegs
• Weight over 14 lbs (6.3 kg)
• Albino or liver colour
Note: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully
descended in the scrotum.







This website copyright 2002 by Jan Sugden